Triune Nature of Dzogchen Buddhism

A triune nature of universal intelligence is found is Dzogchen thought. Herbert V. Guenther wrote1 of the wholeness of a process triad of openness, lucency, and excitatoriness:

…they are not to be understood as implying a kind of juxtaposition. Rather, they interpenetrate such that the one is inseparable from the other, which is another way of saying that the universe has complementary aspects. Thus,

Facticity is the indivisibility [complementarity] of openness and lucency; actuality is the indivisibility of lucency and openness; and resonance is the indivisibility of excitatoriness and openness.

Similarly, bearing in mind that in rdzogs-chen thought the universe is inherently ‘intelligent’ by virtue of its dynamics as an atemporal cognitiveness (ye-shes), we read:6

Thus, although one speaks of a triad of facticity, actuality, and resonance as indicative of ‘different aspects’, they are not individual [properties].7

So, evident here is the parallel of Facticity, Actuality, and Resonance on the one hand and the secular noetic triune of Idea, Image, and Import on the other. Import is the resonance of the factual Idea manifest by the actual Image.

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1. Some Aspect of Dzogchen Thought, by Herbert V. Guenther in Tibetan Buddhism: Reason and Revelation by Steven Goodman (Author), Ronald M. Davidson (Editor), 1992.

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